Resources & References

An Online Course:
Bartering in Psychotherapy and Counseling

Codes of Ethics on Bartering in Psychotherapy and Counseling


Bartering in Psychotherapy and Counseling



  • Barnett, J. E. (2008). The ethical practice of psychotherapy: Easily within our reach. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 64(5), 569-575.
  • Croxton, T. A., Jayaratne, S., & Mattison, D. (2002). Social work practice behaviors and beliefs: Rural-urban differences? Advances in Social Work, 3(2), 117-132.
  • Hendricks, C. G. (1979). Using a barter system in psychotherapy. Psychotherapy: Research and Practice, 16, 116-117.
  • Hill, M. (1999). Barter: Ethical considerations in psychotherapy. Women and Therapy, 22(3), 81-91.
  • Hill, M. (2000). Barter. Women & Therapy, 22(3), 81-91.
  • Keith-Spiegel, P. (2014). Broken: Bartering gone bad. In Red flags in psychotherapy: Stories of ethics complaints and resolutions (pp. 132-148). New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Keith-Spiegel, P. (2013) RED FLAGS IN PSYCHOTHERAPY: Stories of Ethics Complaints and Resolutions. New York, NY:Routledge Mental Health.
  • Kitchener, K. S. & Anderson, K. S. (2011) 2nd Ed. Foundations of ethical practice, research, and teaching in psychology and counseling. New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Lane, J. A. (2012). The Ethical Implications of Bartering for Mental Health Services: Examining Interdisciplinary Ethical Standards. (2012). Counselor Education Faculty Publications and Presentations. 36. Retreived
  • Lazarus, A. A. & Zur, O. (Eds.) (2002). Dual Relationships and Psychotherapy. New York: Springer.
  • Pope, K. S., Spiegel, P. (2008). A practical approach to boundaries in psychotherapy: Making decisions, bypassing blunders, and mending fences. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 64(5), 638-652.
  • Stein, H. (1965). The gift in therapy. American Journal of Psychotherapy 19(3), 480-486.
  • Thomas, J. L. (2002). Bartering. In Lazarus, A. A. and Zur, O. (Eds.), Dual relationships and psychotherapy (pp. 394-408). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Co.
  • Woody, R. H. (1998). Bartering for psychological services. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 29 (2), 174-178.
  • Welfel, E. R. (2016). The ethics of barter. Ethics in Counseling & Psychotherapy; Standards, research, and emerging issues (6th ed.) (pp. 235-237). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
  • Zur, O. (2007). Boundaries in Psychotherapy: Ethical and Clinical Explorations. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association – APA Books.
  • Zur, O. (2017). Professional Organizations’ Codes of Ethics On Bartering in Psychotherapy, Counseling and Mental Health Services. Retrieved from
  • Zur, O. (2016). Bartering in Psychotherapy & Counseling: Complexities, Case Studies and Guidelines. Retrieved from
  • Zur, 0. (2008). Bartering in Psychotherapy & Counseling: Complexities, Case Studies and Guidelines. New Therapist, 58, 18-26. From
  • Zur, O. (2004). A chicken for a session: Bartering in therapy. Voices, 40 /1, 75-80.

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